2005 Season

In the Byzantine area on the summit, Building A went through three phases (6th century to 9/10th century), dated by well-preserved coins. This was a fortified area and many animal bones were discovered. These animals had not been butchered and they may have been penned here when the site was abandoned. Excavation also started on a new building, Building B.

In Area 1 on the eastern slope two levels of the karum period have now been revealed and work in 2005 concentrated on the Old Hittite layer. A large bell-shaped pit produced a number of interesting finds, including an eight-knobbed pot, bone inlays and a bone flute. In Area 6 on the north slope, work concentrated on the Hittite gate. The original entry was 5 m wide, although it was narrowed in the Iron Age and later blocked. As on the south slope, this stone gate and wall, which date to the 14th century, were built on an earlier (15th century) mud brick wall.

Surface investigation of Çaltepe (a mountain across the valley from Çadır ) revealed a large 40 x 80 m enclosure just below the summit, with a courtyard compound to the east. These structures will be further investigated in 2006 but Gorny has proposed that this is a temple area and that Çaltepe is Mt Daha, a cult centre associated with the Hittite city of Zippalanda.

From Ronald L. Gorny, “The 2002-2005 Excavation Seasons at Çadır Höyük. The Second Millennium Settlements,” Anatolica 32 (2006): 29-54.

List of Participants, 2004-5: Ron Gorny, Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Samuel Paley, Jenni Ross, Bruce Verhaaren, Carol Schneider, Chad Bouffard, James Carlson, Marica Cassis, Amy Chang, Rob Cochran, Tim Fortin, Claudia Glatz, Peter Graves, Sarah Jones, Lisa Kealhofer, Amy Lloyd, M.J. Hughes, Juliana McKittrick, Megan McMahon, Janet Meiss, Emilee Novak, Holly Oyster, Katie Ross, Aaron Smith, Alexia Smith, Gail Thompson, and Yukiko Tonoike.

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