Category Archives: Seasonal Report

2013 Season

A report will be written soon summarizing this seasons’ excavations. When it is, it will be posted here! Check back soon.

List of Participants: Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Jenni Ross, Marica Cassis, Jeff Geyer, Ben Arbuckle, Emre Şerifoğlu, Sarah Adcock, MJ Hughes, Laurel Hackley, Madelynne von Baeyer, Josh Cannon, Stefano Spagni, Dominique Langis-Barsetti, John Clindaniel, Tim Buttram, Harrison Kanzler, Aurora Camano, Burcu Yıldırım, Stephanie Selover, Tony Lauricella, Alicia Hartley, Jenni Glaser, Amanda Shaffery, and Peter Cobb.

2009 & 2012 Seasons

A report will be published soon in Anatolica summarizing these two seasons’ excavations. When it is, excerpts will be posted here! Check back soon.

List of Participants, 2009: Ron Gorny, Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Jenni Ross, Harrison Kanzler, John Clindaniel, Samantha Haines, Katie Klauenburg, Brian Truelson, Sarah Voorhees, Rob Caro, Anthony Orsini, and Jake Ransohoff.

List of Participants, 2012: Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Jenni Ross, Bruce Verhaaren, Marica Cassis, Sinan Ünlüsoy, Jeff Geyer, Ben Arbuckle, Sarah Adcock, MJ Hughes, Laurel Hackley, Josh Cannon, Madelynne von Baeyer, Carola Manzano, Stefano Spagni, Tim Buttram, Harrison Kanzler, Aurora Camano, Burcu Yıldırım, Burcu Keane, Stephanie Selover, Gabby Peyton, Tim McKillen, Rebecca Redhouse, and Jill Jones.

2008 Season

The 2008 excavation season at Çadır Höyük was a productive one, lasting from July 3 to August 10 and involving a team of 17 archaeologists of all levels of experience. After clearing two years of erosion and thorny plant growth, efforts were primarily directed toward expanding existing trenches relating to the Late Chalcolithic, Iron, and Byzantine periods. Extension of the Chalcolithic trench on the south face of the mound did not reveal a continuation of the burned house as expected, leading instead to more questions than answers. A series of strangely arranged mud brick walls and a cache of large, flattened pottery were particularly befuddling. Meanwhile, the level of the Iron Age section of the South Step Trench was dropped, yielding bones, beads, and spindle whorls, but no surprises pertaining to stratigraphy. Expansion of the Byzantine terrace trenches unearthed more rooms as well as evidence of a stable and a kitchen. We were also able to drastically extend our knowledge of what lies beneath the fields beyond the terrace trenches with the use of a magnetometer. This technology, able to map stones still beneath the surface, provided a new, broad perspective of the late Roman town surrounding the mound.

Byzantine Column Some stone features would simply not stay buried, though, resulting in the Dig House getting a new lawn ornament. Half of a Byzantine column, likely from a church, was plowed up on Bilal’s farm. Here it is being put into place after arriving in the back of Bilal’s tractor.

A new law prevented the usual local farmers from participating directly in excavation this season, prompting a search for able bodied youngsters and elders from both Peyniryemez and nearby Yazılıtaş. Despite employing some real characters, local labor was stretched thin. Fortunately, a record number of volunteers from the University of New Hampshire – four in total – joined Greg McMahon on the dig and provided much needed strong backs.

As the season drew to a close, the project had one more first. A firetruck from Sorgun arrived during the day of final photos for the terrace trenches, allowing Sharon and Greg to reach new heights atop a ladder nearly nine stories tall. The two experienced a new vantage point on the foundations below, a breathtaking view, and a renewed appreciation for solid ground. You can see pictures of the event in the photo galleries.

List of Participants: Ron Gorny, Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Jenni Ross, Bruce Verhaaren, Marica Cassis, Robin Dippie, Jeff Geyer, Ben Arbuckle, MJ Hughes, Laurel Hackley, Gabi Castro, Juliana McKittrick, Brice Pearce, Kaleigh Brooks, Tim Buttram, and Orion Wellinghurst.

2006 Season

Chalcolithic levels were excavated this year on the lower south slope where there was a gate and enclosure wall. It now appears the wall went around the entire site. Two levels transitional to EB I were revealed, as well as pithos burials.

In the step trench, deposits from the early Karum period to the Iron Age were investigated. A casemate wall of the early Karum period was built on terracing and was destroyed by fire in the Karum IA or Old Hittite period. It was replaced with casemate walls twice, once in the Middle Hittite and once during the Empire. Quantities of pottery were found in the packing fill.

On the north slope, work continued on the Hittite gateway and the slope leading up to it. On the northeast terrace three phases dating to the Byzantine period were uncovered, as in previous years. The second can be dated by a coin of Justin II to the 6th century.

A small amount of work also took place at the open-air sanctuary on Çaltepe, across the valley from Çadır. It continues to support the identification of Çaltepe as Mt Daha and, therefore, that of Çadır Höyük as the Hittite city of Zippalanda.

From Ronald L. Gorny, “The 2002-2005 Excavation Seasons at Çadır Höyük. The Second Millennium Settlements,”Anatolica 32 (2006): 29-54.

List of Participants: Ron Gorny, Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Samuel Paley, Jenni Ross, Bruce Verhaaren, Carol Schneider, Carola Manzano, Carolyn Armstrong, Jeff Geyer, Ben Arbuckle, Juliana McKittrick, Robert Cochran, Megan McMahon, and Vanessa Weinert.

2005 Season

In the Byzantine area on the summit, Building A went through three phases (6th century to 9/10th century), dated by well-preserved coins. This was a fortified area and many animal bones were discovered. These animals had not been butchered and they may have been penned here when the site was abandoned. Excavation also started on a new building, Building B.

In Area 1 on the eastern slope two levels of the karum period have now been revealed and work in 2005 concentrated on the Old Hittite layer. A large bell-shaped pit produced a number of interesting finds, including an eight-knobbed pot, bone inlays and a bone flute. In Area 6 on the north slope, work concentrated on the Hittite gate. The original entry was 5 m wide, although it was narrowed in the Iron Age and later blocked. As on the south slope, this stone gate and wall, which date to the 14th century, were built on an earlier (15th century) mud brick wall.

Surface investigation of Çaltepe (a mountain across the valley from Çadır ) revealed a large 40 x 80 m enclosure just below the summit, with a courtyard compound to the east. These structures will be further investigated in 2006 but Gorny has proposed that this is a temple area and that Çaltepe is Mt Daha, a cult centre associated with the Hittite city of Zippalanda.

From Ronald L. Gorny, “The 2002-2005 Excavation Seasons at Çadır Höyük. The Second Millennium Settlements,” Anatolica 32 (2006): 29-54.

List of Participants, 2004-5: Ron Gorny, Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Samuel Paley, Jenni Ross, Bruce Verhaaren, Carol Schneider, Chad Bouffard, James Carlson, Marica Cassis, Amy Chang, Rob Cochran, Tim Fortin, Claudia Glatz, Peter Graves, Sarah Jones, Lisa Kealhofer, Amy Lloyd, M.J. Hughes, Juliana McKittrick, Megan McMahon, Janet Meiss, Emilee Novak, Holly Oyster, Katie Ross, Aaron Smith, Alexia Smith, Gail Thompson, and Yukiko Tonoike.

2004 Season

In 2004 trenches were excavated on the east, south and north slopes, on the summit and on a terrace. The Late Chalcolithic and EB I deposits produced more evidence of small houses. With EB I there is a change in masonry techniques and orientation, a change reflected also in the pottery where a coarse, chaffy ware appears in the transitional layers. This replaces the black burnished Late Chalcolithic wares, which included omphalos bowls with pairs of white painted diagonal lines from the rim.

The step trench produced material from Early Bronze to Byzantine but it was very mixed. A building of two rooms is probably Middle Bronze Age. The bichrome red and yellow pottery is not exactly paralleled at other sites but can be compared to Kültepe Karum Ib.

Later material included a Middle Iron Age gateway (reused in the Late Iron Age), and three phases of Byzantine occupation, the earliest perhaps belonging to a religious community as a threshold stone bore an incised cross.

From Ronald L. Gorny, “The 2002-2005 Excavation Seasons at Çadır Höyük. The Second Millennium Settlements,” Anatolica 32 (2006): 29-54.

List of Participants, 2004-5: Ron Gorny, Sharon Steadman, Greg McMahon, Samuel Paley, Jenni Ross, Bruce Verhaaren, Carol Schneider, Chad Bouffard, James Carlson, Marica Cassis, Amy Chang, Rob Cochran, Tim Fortin, Claudia Glatz, Peter Graves, Sarah Jones, Lisa Kealhofer, Amy Lloyd, M.J. Hughes, Juliana McKittrick, Megan McMahon, Janet Meiss, Emilee Novak, Holly Oyster, Katie Ross, Aaron Smith, Alexia Smith, Gail Thompson, and Yukiko Tonoike.